## Math Expectations

**Addition, Subtraction and the Number System**

**Solves one and two step addition and subtraction word problems within 100**

- Uses drawings and equations to represent the problem

**Accurately add and subtract within 20 using efficient strategies.**

- By the end of second grade, knows from memory all sums of two one-digit numbers (Memory does not mean to just memorize, rather students have had repeated opportunities to use strategies to develop automatically over time)

**Work with equal groups of objects to gain foundations for multiplication.**

- Determines if a group of up to 20 objects has an odd or even number of objects
- Finds the total number of objects arranged in a rectangular array with up to 5 rows and up to 5 columns using addition

**Understands place value of 3 digit numbers**

- Understands that the three digits of a three-digit number represent amounts of hundreds, tens and ones
- Counts within 1000; skip-count by 5's, 10's, and 100's
- Reads and writes numbers to 1000 using numerals (986), words (nine hundred eighty-six) and expanded form (900 + 80 + 6)
- Compares two three-digit numbers using >, <, and = symbols

**Uses place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract within 1000**

- Accurately and efficiently adds and subtracts within 100 using a variety of strategies
- Adds up to four two-digit numbers
- Uses models or drawings to add and subtract within 1000
- Mentally adds or subtracts 10 or 100 to or from a given number 100 - 900
- Understands and explains why addition and subtraction strategies work

**Measurement**

**Estimates, measures and compares lengths of objects in standard units using appropriate tools**

**Solves measurement word problems involving addition and subtraction within 100 using drawings (such as a number line) and equations**

**Tells and writes time to the nearest 5 minutes**

- Uses analog and digital clocks, as well as a.m. and p.m.

**Solves word problems involving money**

- Solves word problems involving quarters, dimes, nickels and pennies, using the $ and¢ symbols appropriately

**Geometry**

**Reasons with shapes and their attributes.**

- Recognizes and draws triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and cubes
- Partitions circles and rectangles into two, three or four equal parts. Describes the parts using the words halves, thirds, and fourths